In detail, what is Acne?
Acne is a skin condition that appears mainly on the face, chest and back. You'll recognise it by the "spots" it causes on your skin. Mild to moderate acne produces small blackheads or whiteheads, while severe acne has larger inflammations containing fluid, like pustules and cysts. These can be painful, and severe cases can lead to permanent scars.
Chronic acne can control your life. It not only makes you feel physically uncomfortable; it also creates a lot of social discomfort and self-consciousness. Most people try various treatments and settle on one that manages the symptoms best, but remain on the lookout for even more effective solutions.
Different grades of acne
Acne usually develops on the face, back or chest.
What triggers Acne?
The skin is naturally covered with a thin layer of acidic mantle, which acts as a barrier against pathologic micro-infections. So anything that disturbs this pH-balance can contribute towards acne forming.
Acne occurs when your skin's pores are clogged with a combination of an oil called sebum and dead skin cells, which creates an ideal environment for bacteria to multiply. The severity of the acne is related to the bacterial inflammation.
Changes in hormonal levels often set off acne outbreaks, especially during puberty, pregnancy and the menstrual cycle.
Stress is another well-known trigger, as are certain medicines like some antibiotics. Some cosmetics can lead to acne outbreaks by clogging the pores. Soaps that are too rough, and scrubbing your skin excessively can contribute to acne through skin irritation and drying out your skin. Dry skin will produce even more sebum than before to protect against water loss. This can cause further worsening of acne symptoms.
Environmental factors can trigger outbreaks of acne too. Getting dirty or dusty, being exposed to air pollution and sweating, all have clogging effects on the pores in the skin if it is left unwashed.
Who has Acne?
While acne is most closely associated with puberty, it is the world's most common skin condition, not restricted to teenagers. Acne will affect 1.3M people aged 25+ years in the UK.
Acne typically starts in puberty, becoming worse during adolescence. Most acne outbreaks occur between puberty and the age of 30.
How to treat Acne?
There are many different kinds of acne treatment. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the condition. Mild and moderate cases can be treated with over-the-counter products, while more serious cases require advice from a healthcare professional.
- Cosmetic cleansers and creams that lower sebum production and reduce skin oiliness
- Topical over-the-counter creams and gels that kill the acne bacteria
- Birth control pills and other medicines that regulate the hormones
- Drainage and extraction of large acne cysts by a dermatologist
Tips and advice
There is not yet a way to completely prevent acne, but following these tips can help reduce the number and severity of outbreaks:
Wash your skin regularly, especially after exercising, as sweat clogs your pores. Don’t overdo it, however. Too much washing can dry out the skin and worsen existing acne. As a general rule, wash your face gently twice a day, using a low-pH cleanser designed for acne-prone skin. Remember that all these actions should not be overdone as too harsh cleansing can affect your skin's protective layer, making it vulnerable to an acne outbreak.
Make-up and lotions
If you use these products, choose ones that won't block the pores. Look for non-comedogenic products. Clogging of the pores is a major contributor to acne.
Things to avoid
- Popping or squeezing pimples can push pus deeper into the skin, leading to more swelling, inflammation and even permanent scars.
- Many hairsprays and gels contain oil. Oily substances aggravate acne, so it’s better to use hair products that are water-based.
- Tight clothes can chafe and irritate acne on the back and chest.
Dermalex Acne treats acne by restoring the skin's balance.
Effectively, it acts in four ways:
- It inhibits P.acne (acne causing bacteria) growth.
- It controls sebum production, thus reducing the oiliness of the skin.
- It moisturises the skin.
- It creates a protective barrier to protect from external irritants with an invisible acidic film.
Dermalex Acne works on some of the causes and the symptoms of acne in a way that is both effective and gentle.
Dermalex first helps to unclog pores, allowing its other ingredients to enter the hair follicle and creates an unfavourable environment for acne-causing bacteria to grow. It then balances the pH of the skin and prevents overproduction of sebum. All of this reduces both the severity and number of mild to moderate acne symptoms.
The Dermalex Acne Skin Treatment Cream contains ingredients with hydrating, soothing, calming, clarifying and anti-shine properties. It treats the external causes of acne, as well as relieving symptoms like reddening, itching, burning and peeling.
It is suitable for long-term use, has no known side effects and is clinically proven . It also won't make your skin overly sensitive to the sun.
Dermalex has been successful in clinical testing .
During clinical research Dermalex Acne was found to reduce the number of pustules, as well as symptoms such as itching, redness and scaling. It produced an overall decrease acne symptoms in 76% users.
It was also shown to be as effective as benzoyl peroxide 5% in reducing P. acnes bacteria - without drying out the skin.
1. Cunliffe, W.J. and D.J. Gould, Prevalence of facial acne vulgaris in late adolescence and in adults. Br Med J, 1979. 1(6171): p. 1109-10.
2. Cordain, L., et al., Acne vulgaris: a disease of Western civilization. Arch Dermatol, 2002. 138(12): p. 1584-90.
3. Sparavigna, A., et al., An innovative approach to the topical treatment of acne. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol, 2015. 8: p. 179-85.