Rosacea is a common skin condition that causes redness, mostly in the face. While it’s perfectly treatable, we understand it can cause embarrassment, knock self-confidence - and just be plain irritating at times. Let’s take a look at causes, and what can be done about it.What is Rosacea?
Rosacea gets its name from the Latin meaning of ‘rose-coloured’. It’s a common, chronic skin condition characterised by inflammation of the skin, causing reddening and flushing. It mainly affects the face, and is a long-term condition1.
The main symptoms are redness and visible blood vessels, but it can also produce small, red, pus-filled bumps2.
Symptoms vary person to person; not all of those with the condition have every single one mentioned above. It can also affect other areas of the body, not just the face, most commonly the neck, chest, scalp or ears.
Rosacea sufferers have good days and bad days, given that flare-ups are erratic. They can flare up for weeks and then go away for a while – it depends on the individual.
Rosacea is a common skin condition: 10% of the world’s population suffers from it.
Around 1 in 600 people are diagnosed in the UK every year. Rosacea is most common among people over 30 who have fair skin. It normally starts around the age of 30 and affects 3x more women than men. It rarely affects children4. You’re also more likely to develop it if you have lighter skin.
Experts are unsure what causes rosacea, however, there are contributing factors and triggers5.
As with many skin conditions, many people with a family history (e.g. a close relative) of the condition develop it. This might mean there’s a genetic component. However, just because a relative has it, doesn’t mean you’ll develop it.
Blood vessel abnormalities
What causes inflammation of the blood vessels is unknown, however, many specialists believe facial flushing is due to abnormalities in the blood vessels of the face.
Demodex folliculorum is a skin mite that lives on the skin and usually causes no problems, however, people with rosacea tend to have more of them. However, it’s unclear whether the mites cause rosacea – or the rosacea causes the increase in mites.
These gut bacteria stimulate the production of bradykinin. Bradykinin is a small polypeptide that causes blood vessels to dilate, which may play a role in the development of rosacea.
Certain factors make you more likely to develop the condition also, including:
In some people, certain factors, such as diet, play a role7 in rosacea and can trigger or worsen symptoms. These include:
However, a lot of the evidence tends to be anecdotal; there’s a lack of research here.
There isn’t a cure for rosacea. However, there’s plenty you can do to ease symptoms and help you manage them.
Here are some things you yourself can do:
Keeping a diary and recording any triggers you notice can also be a good idea.
Stress can often trigger rosacea, so it’s a good idea to manage your stress levels where possible. This could be exercising daily, ensuring you get good quality sleep and eating a healthy diet.
Some doctors may recommend the following medicines:
Laser treatment, dermabrasion and using electric currents to zap damaged blood vessels can also be useful treatments.
There’s no foolproof method to prevent rosacea symptoms, but you can avoid the things that trigger flare-ups, like spicy food, hot drinks, stress and intense exercise. Where possible, try to avoid extreme temperatures – go inside when it gets too hot, for example.
Make sure to use daily sun protection, as exposure to the sun is a common trigger of rosacea.
Rosacea is a dry skin condition, so we strongly advise that you use an appropriate moisturising cream on your face. Avoid cosmetic products that contain alcohol or perfumes, and use soaps and shower gels that don’t dehydrate your skin.
You can use make-up to help cover any patches of persistently red skin. If your condition is more severe, it is best to consult your doctor or pharmacist.
As with all skin conditions, a healthy diet, enough sleep and regular gentle exercise can help improve the symptoms of rosacea.
We’re here to help. The Dermalex range of creams has been specially formulated to moisturise and protect your skin, keeping your natural barrier strong and healthy. Each product in the range has been developed with a thorough understanding of the factors that lead to common skin conditions and clinically-proven to treat mild to moderate rosacea symptoms.
Rosacea is an extremely common condition – and it can be treated. Good news, Dermalex has helped many sufferers soothe their skin. 95% noticed a reduction in redness9, as Dermalex is clinically proven to treat mild to moderate rosacea symptoms, including reducing redness and spider veins. It also protects the skin.